Asperger’s syndrome is a form of autism. It is a lifelong condition that affects how a person makes sense of the world, processes information and relates to other people. When we meet someone, we can generally tell from their facial expression, tone of voice and body language whether they are happy, angry or sad – and we respond accordingly. People with Asperger’s syndrome can find it harder to read these signals. This can make it more difficult to communicate and interact with others, which can lead to high levels of anxiety and confusion.
Asperger’s syndrome is a “spectrum disorder” that affects people in different ways and to varying degrees. It is mostly a “hidden disability”, meaning you can’t tell that someone has the condition from their outward appearance. However, it is gradually being seen as “difference” rather than “disability”. People with the condition have difficulties with social communication, social interaction and social imagination – three areas that supportive, longer-term therapy can help with.