Many of us will experience a mental health issue at some stage in our lives. Depression can have a major effect on the quality of life. Counselling can support you to cope with the many challenges associated with depression.
Bipolar disorder – known in the past as manic depression – is a condition that affects your moods, which can swing from one extreme to another. If you have bipolar disorder, you will have episodes of depression, where you feel low and lethargic – and episodes of mania, where you feel high and overactive (less severe mania is known as hypomania).
The symptoms of bipolar disorder depend on which mood you are experiencing. Unlike simple mood swings, each extreme episode can last for several weeks or longer, and some people may not experience a “normal” mood very often. If you have bipolar disorder then you are likely to be on long-term medication. It’s also recommended that you have a management plan, involving friends and family, when you begin to experience an episode to help you identify the difference between your self and your symptoms. Psychotherapy can help you cope with difficult feelings and learn ways to regulate your mood.
We often use the expression “I’m feeling depressed” when we’re feeling sad or miserable about life. Usually, these feelings pass in due course. But if the feelings are interfering with your life and don’t go away after a couple of weeks, or if they come back, over and over again, for a few days at a time, it could be a sign that you’re depressed in the medical sense of the term.
In its mildest form, depression can mean just being in low spirits. It doesn’t stop you leading a normal life, but it makes everything harder to do and seem less worthwhile. At its most severe, major depression (clinical depression) can be life threatening, because it can make people suicidal or simply give up the will to live.
Depression is sometimes seen as a form of unfinished mourning. Often events or experiences that trigger depression are associated with a loss of some kind. It could be follow the death of someone close, a major life change (such as moving house or changing jobs) or transitioning from one phase of life into another, as we reach retirement or our children leave home.
It’s not just the negative experience that causes the depression, but how we deal with it. If the feelings provoked are not expressed or explored at the time, they fester and contribute towards depression. It’s important to acknowledge and grieve over what we have lost in order to be able to move on successfully. Counselling and psychotherapy can support you through that process.
You’ve just had a baby, one of the most important and happiest events in your life. “What could make a woman happier than a new baby?” you wonder. So why are you so sad? We don’t know for sure, but you are not alone. Up to 80% of women experience some mood disturbances after giving birth. They can feel upset, alone, afraid, or unloving toward their baby. Above all, they can feel guilty for having these feelings.
The “baby blues” are usually a passing state of heightened emotions that occur in about half of women who have recently given birth. This state peaks three to five days after delivery and lasts from several days to two weeks. A woman with the blues may cry more easily than usual and may have trouble sleeping or feel irritable, sad, and “on edge” emotionally. Because baby blues are so common and expected, they are not considered an illness.
For most women, the symptoms are mild and go away on their own. But between 10% and 20% of women develop a more disabling form of mood disorder called postnatal depression. It generally occurs within four weeks of giving birth, but can also develop when the baby is several months old. Symptoms include feeling down, depressed and hopeless, with little energy and motivation, feeling irritable and inadequate, and having little interest in yourself of your baby.
There can be such a gap between what new mothers feel they “should” feel and what they actually feel. Sitting in silence, and feeling shame about these feelings, can only make it worse. Reaching out for help through your GP, family and friends, or through a counsellor, is an important first step to conquering postnatal depression.
Bear in mind that it’s not just women who suffer postnatal depression: up to 10% of new fathers can experience the symptoms of postnatal depression too.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Seasonal affective disorder, also known as the “winter blues’ is a form of depression associated with the lowness you can feel when faced with dark days and long nights, particularly in the months of December, January and February. The lack of light is said to affect the happy hormones in the brain, leaving you feel tired, irritable and fed up.
Generally the symptoms of SAD will disappear once the clocks go forward and we have more hours of sunlight. However, if your symptoms persist and become severe, seek advice from your GP. Sometimes a “light box” can help alleviate symptoms. Talking therapies are also often recommended.